1066: The Battles of York, Stamford Bridge and Hastings by Peter MarrenIf ever there was a year of destiny for the British Isles, 1066 must have a strong claim. King Harold faced invasion not just from William and the Normans across the English Channel but from the Dane, King Harald Hadrada. Before he faced the Normans at Hastings in October he had fought and defeated the Danes at York and neighboring Stamford Bridge in September. What dramatic changes of fortune, heroic marches, assaults by land and sea took place that year! This book explains what really happened and why in what is arguably the best-known but worst understood battle in British history.
Part of the Battleground Britain series, which is itself part of the larger Battleground Europe Series.
Battle of Stamford Bridge facts for kids
Kingdom of Norway. After a bloody battle, both Hardrada and Tostig along with most of the Norwegians were killed. Although Harold Godwinson repelled the Norwegian invaders, his army was defeated by the Normans at Hastings less than three weeks later. The battle has traditionally been presented as symbolising the end of the Viking Age , although major Scandinavian campaigns in Britain and Ireland occurred in the following decades, such as those of King Sweyn Estrithson of Denmark in — and King Magnus Barefoot of Norway in and — The death of King Edward the Confessor of England in January had triggered a succession struggle in which a variety of contenders from across north-western Europe fought for the English throne. These claimants included the King of Norway, Harald Hardrada. The authors, however, did not seem to differentiate between warships and supply ships.
The death of the King Edward the Confessor in January caused a succession struggle across northern Europe, with several contenders willing to fight for the throne of England. One such claimant was the King of Norway, Harold Hardrada, who arrived off the north coast of England in September with a fleet of ships packed with around 11, Vikings , all anxious to help him in his endeavour. King Harold Godwinson now had a dilemma; whether to march north and confront Hardrada before he could consolidate his hold on Yorkshire , or to remain in the south and prepare for the invasion he was expecting from France by William Duke of Normandy, yet another contender for the throne. Caught completely by surprise, on the morning of 25 September the English army swept swiftly downhill straight into the enemy forces, many of whom had left their armour behind in their ships. In the fierce fighting that followed both Hardrada and Tostig were killed, and when the Viking shield wall finally broke the invading army were all but annihilated. Only 24 ships from the original fleet of were needed to carry the survivors back to Norway.
The Anglo-Saxon army had marched all the way from London to Stamford Bridge - near York - in only five days, and managed to catch the invaders unprepared. Harald and Tostig arrived in Northern England in ships, but only 24 were needed to take the survivors, including Harald's son Olaf, home to Norway. Two of the contenders for the throne were killed at Stamford Bridge, leaving only William in a position to challenge Harold Godwinson. Students could look at how Florence of Worcester would know about the events at Stamford Bridge? Are there any similarities you can find? What is the significance of the Battle of Stamford Bridge in the story of ? This clip will be relevant for teaching History in secondary schools in the UK.
This week marks 952nd anniversary of bloody clash that paved way for Normans to conquer England
Harold may have been victorious but his decision to promptly march south and face another invading army, this one led by William, Duke of Normandy reigned from CE , would lead to catastrophe. Harold had acquired the crown in unclear circumstances, although Edward, on his deathbed, had personally nominated Harold as his successor.
But just three weeks earlier, on 25 September , the Anglo-Saxons had been engaged in a battle of arguably equal importance that would ultimately cost them victory to William the Conqueror at Hastings and - by extention - their country. This week marks the nd anniversary of the Battle of Stamford Bridge, a bloody and decisive battle between English and Norwegian forces - and the first of a series of violent conflicts that would settle a three-way power struggle for the English crown following the death of Edward the Confessor. So what happened at the battle in the Yorkshire village of Stamford Bridge, and why is it so important? The death in January of Edward the Confessor, the Anglo-Saxon King of England, triggered a succession struggle between various forces across northern Europe. Edward had no direct heir and there were conflicting claims about who he had chosen as his successor. Harold was crowned king at Westminster on 6 January , angering not only William but also another claimant to the throne: Harald Hardrada, the bloodthirsty King of Norway. Harold wasted no time in pursuing the invading Vikings.
The Battle of Stamford Bridge was pretty huge in terms of historical significance. Although often overshadowed by the Battle of Hastings , which took place just 19 days later, the clash at Stamford Bridge on 25 September is commonly seen as both marking the end of the Viking Age and paving the way for the Norman conquest of England. Here are 10 facts about it. Harald, King of Norway, was one of at least five claimants to the English throne in After Edward the Confessor died in January of that year, his right-hand man, Harold Godwinson, ascended the throne. The decision to outlaw Tostig had come about after he refused to step down from his position as Earl of Northumbria in the face of a rebellion against him.
The English king's brother Tostig Godwinson, joined Hardrada's forces. After a bloody battle , both Hardrada and Tostig along with a large number of the Norwegians were killed. Godwinson's achieved a complete victory. This battle marks the end of the Viking Age in England. Less than three weeks later, Godwinson's English army was defeated by William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings.