Types of Maps by Mary Dodson WadeAn introduction to different types of maps and how they are used, including those that show how to get to a place and those that show what you will find when you arrive.
Emergent readers (Ages 6-7) can expand their horizons and take off on adventures to cities, nations, waterways, and habitats around the world or right in their own backyard through this easy-to-read, nonfiction series.
Types of Maps
Different Types of Maps: Here are a few examples of the different types of maps discussed in this article. Clockwise from top left: weather map, topographic map, political map, digital street map, income map, and geologic map. Millions of unique maps are in use throughout the world. Most of these maps can be placed into one of two groups: 1 reference maps; and, 2 thematic maps. Reference maps show the location of geographic boundaries, physical features of Earth, or cultural features such as places, cities, and roads. Political maps , physical maps , road maps , topographic maps , time zone maps , geologic maps , and zip code maps are all examples of reference maps.
There are many different types of maps, which are usually classified according to what they are attempting to show. However, it must be noted that there are many different ways to interpret the types of maps. One common point of view is that there are two main types of maps:. For ease of describing functionally quite different maps; and to explain what can be confusing differences; we have opted to use a greater number of map types. To read more on these topics:. It must be noted that even this is a simplistic approach as there are often overlapping features between maps. For example, a topographic map may be used to show the distribution of a native orchid therefore it is both a topographic and thematic map or may be used to show features of particular interest to tourists topographic, general reference and thematic.
Topographical maps stand out from the other offerings by showing detailed elevation, with contour lines helping to map the landscape. Rather than attempting to map the landscape or help to show you where to go, thematic maps are designed instead to highlight information on specific topics. Unlike general reference maps, which can typically be read and understood by pretty much anybody, thematic maps may also require specific knowledge to understand. Maps for the ocean are typically referred to as charts, and the same applies to air navigation mapping. The plans map out individual properties, offering details like boundary information when houses or land are surveyed, and can be joined together to create much larger cadastral maps. Perhaps surprisingly, cadastral mapping is one of the oldest forms of mapping, with ancient Egyptians known to have developed cadastral records to establish ownership of land after flooding of the River Nile.