Leviathan by Thomas HobbesThe life of man, solitary, poore, nasty, brutish, and short
Written during the chaos of the English Civil War, Thomas Hobbes Leviathan asks how, in a world of violence and horror, can we stop ourselves from descending into anarchy? Hobbes case for a common-wealth under a powerful sovereign - or Leviathan - to enforce security and the rule of law, shocked his contemporaries, and his book was publicly burnt for sedition the moment it was published. But his penetrating work of political philosophy - now fully revised and with a new introduction for this edition - opened up questions about the nature of statecraft and society that influenced governments across the world.
Thomas Hobbes Was Wrong... Our Core Nature Is Good!
Thomas Hobbes in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English Thomas Hobbes, the younger, had a brother Edmund, about two years older, and a sister. Hobbes' father, according to The principal John Wilkinson was a Puritan, and he had some influence on Hobbes. Before going up to Oxford, .
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, Wiltshire, on 5 April , the son of a clergyman. His father left the family in and never returned, so a wealthy uncle sponsored Hobbes' education at Oxford University. In , Hobbes became tutor to William Cavendish, later earl of Devonshire. The Cavendish family were to be Hobbes' patrons throughout his life. After Cavendish died, Hobbes obtained another position but later became tutor to Cavendish's son. During these years he travelled to Europe twice more, meeting leading thinkers including the astronomer Galileo Galilei and the philosopher Rene Descartes.
Thomas Hobbes — , whose current reputation rests largely on his political philosophy, was a thinker with wide-ranging interests. In philosophy, he defended a range of materialist, nominalist, and empiricist views against Cartesian and Aristotelian alternatives. In physics, his work was influential on Leibniz, and led him into disputes with Boyle and the experimentalists of the early Royal Society. In mathematics he was less successful, and is best remembered for his repeated unsuccessful attempts to square the circle. But despite that, Hobbes was a serious and prominent participant in the intellectual life of his time. Thomas Hobbes was born on 5 April His home town was Malmesbury, which is in Wiltshire, England, about 30 miles east of Bristol.
Thomas Hobbes, the younger, had a brother Edmund, about two years older, and a sister.
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From the SparkNotes Blog
Thomas Hobbes , born April 5, , Westport, Wiltshire, England—died December 4, , Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire , English philosopher, scientist, and historian, best known for his political philosophy , especially as articulated in his masterpiece Leviathan Hobbes viewed government primarily as a device for ensuring collective security. Political authority is justified by a hypothetical social contract among the many that vests in a sovereign person or entity the responsibility for the safety and well-being of all. In metaphysics , Hobbes defended materialism , the view that only material things are real. His scientific writings present all observed phenomena as the effects of matter in motion.
Hobbes believed that all phenomena in the universe, without exception, can be explained in terms of the motions and interactions of material bodies. He did not believe in the soul, or in the mind as separate from the body, or in any of the other incorporeal and metaphysical entities in which other writers have believed. Instead, he saw human beings as essentially machines, with even their thoughts and emotions operating according to physical laws and chains of cause and effect, action and reaction. As machines, human beings pursue their own self-interest relentlessly, mechanically avoiding pain and pursuing pleasure. Hobbes saw the commonwealth, or society, as a similar machine, larger than the human body and artificial but nevertheless operating according to the laws governing motion and collision.