What does antifa stand for

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what does antifa stand for

Antifa: The Anti-Fascist Handbook by Mark Bray

As long as there has been fascism, there has been anti-fascism—also known as antifa. Born out of resistance to Mussolini and Hitler in Europe during the 1920s and 30s, the antifa movement has suddenly burst into the headlines amidst opposition to the Trump administration and the alt-right. They could be seen in news reports, clad all in black with balaclavas covering their faces, fighting police at the presidential inauguration, and on California college campuses protesting right-wing speakers…

Simply, antifa aims to deny fascists the opportunity to promote their oppressive politics—by any means necessary. Critics say shutting down political adversaries is anti-democratic; antifa adherents argue that the horrors of fascism must never be allowed the slightest chance to triumph again.

In a smart and gripping investigation, historian and former Occupy Wall Street organizer Mark Bray provides a one-of-a-kind look inside the movement, including a detailed survey of its history from its origins to the present day—the first transnational history of postwar anti-fascism in English. Based on interviews with anti-fascists from around the world, Antifa details the tactics of the movement and the philosophy behind it, offering insight into the growing but little understood resistance fighting back against the alt-right.
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Antifa: The History and Politics of Anti-Fascism - A Lecture by Mark Bray

The antifa movement is composed of left-wing, autonomous, militant anti-fascist groups and . The majority of Antifa members do not promote or endorse violence; however, the movement consists of anarchist extremists and other individuals.
Mark Bray

Antifa (United States)

A clash between conservative marchers and black-clad protesters in Portland, Ore. In Portland this weekend, activists in the trademark black uniforms associated with antifa, as well as anarchists and related movements, struck the journalist Andy Ngo in the face, sending him to the emergency room. Ngo, who was also pelted with milkshakes, reported the attack in a video live-streamed to his more than , Twitter followers. It is impossible to know how many people count themselves as members. Its followers acknowledge that the movement is secretive, without official leaders and organized into autonomous local cells. It is also only one in a constellation of activist movements that have come together in the past few years to oppose the far right. Antifa members campaign against actions they view as authoritarian, homophobic, racist or xenophobic.

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Mark Bray, "Antifa: The Anti-Fascist Handbook"

Online battles between far right groups and anti-fascists — or "Antifa" — are now regularly spilling out onto the streets of America. But who are Antifa and what do they represent? Here are seven facts you need to know. Some Antifa groups date the origins of their movement to fights against European fascists in the s and s. Its members confronted neo-Nazi skinheads at punk gigs in the American Midwest and elsewhere.

CNN After protests in Charlottesville, Virginia, turned violent on Saturday, leaving one person dead and dozens injured , the world is still grappling with what happened, who was involved and why. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. More Videos This Antifa activist carries sparkly brass knuckles and a knife 'just in case'.

In Charlottesville and at many subsequent events held by white supremacists or right-wing extremists, antifa activists have aggressively confronted what they believe to be authoritarian movements and groups. While most counter-protestors tend to be peaceful, there have been several instances where encounters between antifa and the far-right have turned violent. Their ideology is rooted in the assumption that the Nazi party would never have been able to come to power in Germany if people had more aggressively fought them in the streets in the s and 30s. These antifa sometimes use a logo with a double flag, usually in black and red. The antifa movement began in the s in Europe, and had reached the US by the end of the s. Most people who show up to counter or oppose white supremacist public events are peaceful demonstrators, but when antifa show up, as they frequently do, they can increase the chances that an event may turn violent. Today, antifa activists focus on harassing right wing extremists both online and in real life.

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