Joseph Stalin (Author of Dialectical and Historical Materialism)Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин; born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili, Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი, Russian: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Джугашви́ли) was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953, effectively ruling the country with dictatorial control.
Stalin led the USSR through its period of industrialisation, which would become the fastest in history, surpassing Germany and Japan.
On the ideological front, he developed the theory of Socialism in One Country.
Joseph Stalin Biography
Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, His birth date was traditionally believed to be December 21, , but the date was confirmed by records in the Communist Party central archives. Joseph Stalin died on March 5, , in Moscow. Joseph Stalin was raised in poverty in provincial Georgia. A bout of childhood smallpox scarred his face, and his left arm was mangled, most likely in a carriage accident. Joseph Stalin learned Russian at the church school in his hometown of Gori, Georgia. He entered Tiflis Theological Seminary to train as a priest, but he left school in
Initially presiding over a collective leadership as first among equals , by the s he was the country's de facto dictator. A communist ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism , Stalin formalised these ideas as Marxism—Leninism , while his own policies are known as Stalinism. He edited the party's newspaper, Pravda , and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin 's Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and protection rackets. Repeatedly arrested, he underwent several internal exiles. After the Bolsheviks seized power during the October Revolution and created a one-party state under Lenin's newly renamed Communist Party, Stalin joined its governing Politburo. Serving in the Russian Civil War before overseeing the Soviet Union's establishment in , Stalin assumed leadership over the country following Lenin's death.
Joseph Stalin’s Early Years and Family
The man who turned the Soviet Union from a backward country into a world superpower at unimaginable human cost. Stalin was born into a dysfunctional family in a poor village in Georgia. Permanently scarred from a childhood bout with smallpox and having a mildly deformed arm, Stalin always felt unfairly treated by life, and thus developed a strong, romanticized desire for greatness and respect, combined with a shrewd streak of calculating cold-heartedness towards those who had maligned him. He always felt a sense of inferiority before educated intellectuals, and particularly distrusted them. Sent by his mother to the seminary in Tiflis now Tbilisi , the capital of Georgia, to study to become a priest, the young Stalin never completed his education, and was instead soon completely drawn into the city's active revolutionary circles. Never a fiery intellectual polemicist or orator like Lenin or Trotsky, Stalin specialized in the humdrum nuts and bolts of revolutionary activity, risking arrest every day by helping organize workers, distributing illegal literature, and robbing trains to support the cause, while Lenin and his bookish friends lived safely abroad and wrote clever articles about the plight of the Russian working class. Although Lenin found Stalin's boorishness offensive at times, he valued his loyalty, and appointed him after the Revolution to various low-priority leadership positions in the new Soviet government.
Stalin forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to labor camps. At age 7, he contracted smallpox, leaving his face scarred. The other village children treated him cruelly, instilling in him a sense of inferiority. He also developed a cruel streak for those who crossed him. Stalin's mother, a devout Russian Orthodox Christian , wanted him to become a priest.