Françoise dAubigné, Marquise de Maintenon (Author of Dialogues and Addresses)
Louis XIV & Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon/ Луи XIV и Франзуаза, маркиза де Ментенон
Maintenon, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de (1635–1719)
French noblewoman who was the second wife of Louis XIV and established an influential school for girls. Name variations: Madame or Mlle Maintenon. Cyr; interred at St. Born Catholic but educated by Protestant aunt until age seven; moved with family to French West Indies ; returned to France ; returned to Catholicism; became nurse and governess of Louis XIV's illegitimate children ; made a marquise ; appointed lady-in-waiting to the Dauphine ; became Louis' mistress ; was secretly married to the king ; set up school for girls at St. Cyr ; retired to St. Cyr after death of Louis It is doubtful that anyone in the 17th century could have predicted that a girl who was born in extraordinary and somewhat shameful surroundings would become the wife of the most powerful king in Europe.
Her marriage to the king was never officially announced or admitted, and thus she was never considered queen of France. Even so, she was very influential at court, and was one of the king's closest advisers. She founded the Maison royale de Saint-Louis , a school for girls from poorer noble families, in A plaque suggests her birthplace was at the Hotel du Chaumont in Niort, in western France. Jeanne was a strict mother, allowed her children few liberties, and gave them a Protestant education, despite their Catholic baptism. Constant returned to France, leaving his wife and children behind in Martinique. Jeanne was forever trying to be "mother and father" to her children, and eventually she made it back to France, to join her husband in
She encouraged an atmosphere of dignity and piety at court and founded an educational institution for poor girls at Saint-Cyr She was born at Niort, in Poitou, perhaps in the same prison where her father, Constant, was then incarcerated for debt; the infant was baptized as a Roman Catholic. The post was not vacant, however, and Constant returned to France, leaving his family in Martinique , where they were to remain for close to two years before being able to return. Constant died in France in Anxious to rid herself of the orphan, Mme de Neuillant arranged for her charge to live with the crippled author Paul Scarron , who was 25 years older than the girl. The marriage was probably unconsummated.
Madame de Maintenon (27 November – 15 April ) was a French woman who would eventually become the second wife of King Louis XIV, even.
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The history. Great Characters. Born in in the prison at Niort, where her father was imprisoned for debt, she was orphaned in and in married the poet Paul Scarron, who was renowned as a master of the burlesque. Upon his death in , Scarron left his wife with nothing more than his name and a mountain of debt. This provided an excellent opportunity to meet the king in person when he came to visit his children. Things soon changed.