The History Book Club - BRITISH HISTORY: THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR - 1337 to 1453 Showing 1-50 of 93
End of the Hundred Years War
The Hundred Years' War refers to the conflicts that were fought between and between the House of Plantagenet and the House of Valois from England and France respectively. The English house, which was the ruling house of the Kingdom of England, was challenging the French house over the control of the Kingdom of France. As the period shows, the war took years, which means the name of the war is a bit misleading. The roots of the war go all the way back to the beginnings of the English royal family, which had French origins. For this reason, the English rulers held land in both England and France, which meant that they were the vassals of France. This meant that the king could compel English monarchs who had land in France for help with things like troops during war as was required by law.
Here are seven facts about the long-running struggle…. The conflict saw major developments in military strategy and technology and the final French victory at Castillon in was the first major field engagement of the war to be decided by gunfire. Find out more here. Tradition dates it from to , but in some ways it is more helpful to view this longest of European wars as one phase of an even longer struggle between England and France, stretching perhaps from the Norman Conquest of until the Entente Cordiale [a series of agreements signed between Great Britain and France that marked the end of hundreds of years of intermittent conflict between the two states. There are no contemporary sources that suggest English archers, as an insult, raised to the French the two fingers with which they drew their longbows, nor that the French dismembered captured archers — removing those same fingers and thus preventing them from ever firing a bow again. This so enraged the English that they launched an ill-advised attack on a well-defended position and were beaten back with heavy losses. The peasantry in both countries, for example, were central to the war effort and suffered greatly as a consequence.
The problem of English lands in France
The struggle involved several generations of English and French claimants to the crown and actually occupied a period of more than years. This confiscation, however, had been preceded by periodic fighting over the question of English fiefs in France going back to the 12th century.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from to by the House of Plantagenet , rulers of the Kingdom of England , against the French House of Valois , over the right to rule the Kingdom of France. Each side drew many allies into the war. It was one of the most notable conflicts of the Middle Ages , in which five generations of kings from two rival dynasties fought for the throne of the largest kingdom in Western Europe. The war marked both the height of chivalry and its subsequent decline, and the development of strong national identities in both countries. Tensions between the crowns of France and England can be traced back to the origins of the English royal family itself, which was French Norman , and later, Angevin in origin. For this reason, English monarchs had historically held not only the English crown, but also titles and lands within France , the possession of which made them vassals to the kings of France. The status of the English king's French fiefs was a major source of conflict between the two monarchies throughout the Middle Ages.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. How did the personalities, battles, events and outcomes of this prolonged era of conflict shape England's development during the Middle Ages, and influence the nation's future? Historical tradition dates the Hundred Years War between England and France as running from to The overseas possessions of the English kings were the root cause of the tensions with the kings of France, and the tensions reached right back to William the Conqueror was already duke of Normandy when he became king of England.