Start Over Quotes (38 quotes)
Ron Swanson Quotes
Foreign accent syndrome is a medical condition in which patients develop speech patterns that are perceived as a foreign accent  that is different from their native accent, without having acquired it in the perceived accent's place of origin. Foreign accent syndrome usually results from a stroke ,  but can also develop from head trauma,  migraines  or developmental problems. Its symptoms result from distorted articulatory planning and coordination processes and although popular news articles commonly attempt to identify the closest regional accent, speakers suffering from foreign accent syndrome acquire neither a specific foreign accent nor any additional fluency in a foreign language. Despite an unconfirmed news report in that a Croatian speaker had gained the ability to speak fluent German after emergence from a coma ,  there has been no verified case where a patient's foreign language skills have improved after a brain injury. To the untrained ear, those with the syndrome sound as though they speak their native languages with a foreign accent ; for example, an American native speaker of English might sound as though he spoke with a south-eastern English accent, or a native English speaker from Britain might speak with a New York American accent.
Join our global community of 90 million learners
A dialect is distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation phonology , including prosody. Where a distinction can be made only in terms of pronunciation including prosody, or just prosody itself , the term accent may be preferred over dialect. Other types of speech varieties include jargons , which are characterized by differences in lexicon vocabulary ; slang ; patois ; pidgins ; and argots. The particular speech patterns used by an individual are termed an idiolect. A standard dialect also known as a "standardized dialect" or "standard language" is a dialect that is supported by institutions. Such institutional support may include government recognition or designation; presentation as being the "correct" form of a language in schools; published grammars, dictionaries, and textbooks that set forth a normative spoken and written form; and an extensive formal literature that employs that variety prose, poetry, non-fiction, etc. There may be multiple standard dialects associated with a single language.