Turner syndrome and learning disabilities

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turner syndrome and learning disabilities

All About Me: Growing up with Turner Syndrome and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities by Kayli Gizel

Kaylis personal account of her experience growing up with Turner Syndrome would be a useful read for persons who seek to understand some of the difficulties that persons with this syndrome, as well as NLD, face. Kayli is a vivacious and delightful girl whose personality sings accross the page. She has shown remarkable ability to absorb infromation, gain personal insight, and communicate both information and reflections to the reader.
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Turner syndrome: Beyond the classic XO phenotype

Getting Disability for Turner Syndrome and Related Problems

Global descriptors of the cognitive phenotype of Turner syndrome are well established and are thus commonly referred to. For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability — because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills — particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed. This profile is observed throughout and beyond the school age years. Reliance on this gross level description of the cognitive profile e. In view of the increased risk for specific cognitive difficulties, a detailed assessment prior to the onset of formal schooling or at the time of diagnosis, when diagnosis occurs after 5 years of age can play an important role in determining school readiness and potential need for educational support among individual girls with Turner syndrome. That Turner syndrome is associated with a cognitive phenotype is not news. Shaffer's [ 1 ] initial report of the cognitive phenotype was followed by subsequent studies replicating and expanding upon his, and later Waber's [ 2 ], findings that Verbal IQ scores are significantly higher than Performance IQ scores among girls with Turner syndrome.

Back to Turner syndrome. Almost all girls with Turner syndrome will grow up to be shorter than average, with underdeveloped ovaries. Girls with Turner syndrome also have distinctive features and associated health conditions, some of which may be apparent from birth. They may be born with swollen hands and feet, caused by a build-up of excess fluid lymphoedema in the surrounding tissues, but this usually clears soon after birth. Babies with Turner syndrome may grow at a normal rate until they're 3 years old. After this, their growth slows down. Girls with Turner syndrome are typically short in relation to the height of their parents.

Turner syndrome, a condition that affects only females, results when one of the X chromosomes sex chromosomes is missing or partially missing.
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Disability benefits are available for those whose Turner Syndrome causes severe limitations.

What are the cognitive issues that may be associated with TS? Some cognitive issues with TS include difficulty with visual-spatial tasks, such as mentally rotating objects in space, which is a problem shared by those with nonverbal learning disability NLD. Challenges may also involve using visual maps to navigate. Because the particular strengths and weaknesses of those with NLD and TS vary from person to person, we list services which may be useful. These are organized by school age group. For Infancy : If TS is identified during this period, the child may qualify for early intervention services, depending upon the severity of their problems.

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