Mahatma Gandhi Quotes (Author of Three Translations of The Bhagavad Gita)
Gandhi: Reckless teenager to father of India
Presented by Prof David Hardiman Historian. He was an astute political campaigner who fought for Indian independence from British rule and for the rights of the Indian poor. His example of non-violent protest is still revered throughout the world today. Find out how this man of peace and representative of India's poor came from a privileged background and spent his teenage years as a rebel. Mishal Husain visits Gandhi's birthplace.
Mahatma Gandhi , byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , born October 2, , Porbandar, India—died January 30, , Delhi , Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country. Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest satyagraha to achieve political and social progress. Eventually, however, they turned their focus to bucking the British regime altogether, a goal that was attained in the years directly after World War II. The victory was marred by the fact that sectarian violence within India between Hindus and Muslims necessitated the creation of two independent states—India and Pakistan—as opposed to a single unified India.
Born and raised in a Hindu family in coastal Gujarat , western India , and trained in law at the Inner Temple , London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in , he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in , Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest.
Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, , Porbandar, India—died January 30, , Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came.
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Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English - Famous Leader in India
He led the struggle for India 's independence from British colonial rule. He died on 30th January as being shot dead by Nathuram Godse. Disputed [ edit ] Poverty is the worst kind of violence. Quoted without reference to earlier source, time or location in A Just Peace through Transformation: Cultural, Economic, and Political Foundations for Change by the International Peace Association Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it. The earliest attribution of this to Gandhi yet located is in a T-shirt advertisement in Mother Jones , Vol.
Born into a privileged caste, Gandhi was fortunate to receive a comprehensive education, but proved a mediocre student. In May , aged 13, Gandhi was married to Kasturba Makhanji, a girl also aged 13, through the arrangement of their respective parents, as is customary in India. Following his entry into Samaldas College, at the University of Bombay, she bore him the first of four sons, in Determined to adhere to Hindu principles, which included vegetarianism as well as alcohol and sexual abstinence, he found London restrictive initially, but once he had found kindred spirits he flourished, and pursued the philosophical study of religions, including Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism and others, having professed no particular interest in religion up until then. On one occasion he was thrown from a first class train carriage, despite being in possession of a valid ticket. Witnessing the racial bias experienced by his countrymen served as a catalyst for his later activism, and he attempted to fight segregation at all levels. He founded a political movement, known as the Natal Indian Congress, and developed his theoretical belief in non-violent civil protest into a tangible political stance, when he opposed the introduction of registration for all Indians, within South Africa, via non-cooperation with the relevant civic authorities.
When Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, , he was already a legend. He showed the world that social and political changes can be achieved not only through violence and terror, but also through love and compassion. The tradition of nonviolence ahimsa plays an important role in the Indian culture - and its religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Tolerance for other religions, and a vegetarian diet forms an integral part of their lives. Predominantly, Gandhi tried to realize and eradicate his own shortcomings on his path to self-transformation. He tried to meet all living beings and creations of nature with great respect and humility. He argued and fought for his convictions and aims using nonviolent means, and was always ready to compromise.