Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream or a Nightmare? by James H. ConeProfessor Cone has done much research in comparing the lives, careers, and teachings of the two leading figures of the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement: Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, whose lives were both cut short by assassins. Cone argues that each was important in his own right, and the product of their upbringing, with Martin growing up as a middle class black preachers son in the South while Malcolm grew up dirt poor in the ghettos of the North (Lansing, Harlem) and served time in prison. Martin was a non-violent integrationist with a dream whereas Malcolm was a brash separatist living a nightmare, calling for self-defense. Martin had a broad appeal to whites and Christians whereas Malcolms appeal was more limited to the radical and poor, but his contribution to the civil rights movement has been under-recognized, especially as it complemented Martins work. Malcolm spent too many years under the shackles of Elijah Mohammad, which precluded his participation in politics, and it was not until his censure and separation when he broadened his activity, mind with greater international exposure that he became most enlightened and willing to work together. I liked the characterization of Malcolm as a field nigger and Martin as a house nigger insightful. However, I disagree with Cones attempt to characterize the two as friends, especially with Martins steadfast refusals to meet with Malcolm.
Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Compared
I Have a Dream
The events in Birmingham in the spring of made race a national issue. Martin Luther King wanted to extend the protest on a massive scale by holding a march on Washington on 28 August The original aim of the march was to draw attention to black employment issues. A new aim was to put pressure on Congress to pass the Civil Rights Bill. Philip Randolph worked together with other organisations. The march had critics on the radical side of the civil rights movement.
King was stepping out of a news conference, when Malcolm X, March on Washington and deliver his now-famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
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I Have a Dream speech by Martin Luther King .Jr HD (subtitled) (Remastered)
Malcolm X, the ever-divisive black rights activist, was killed in at a rally in New York. On 21 February , the ever-divisive black rights activist Malcolm X was killed at a rally in New York. The black nationalist and latter-day advocate of racial integration was gunned down while preparing to speak at Audubon Ballroom in Harlem by three men — quickly identified as belonging to the Nation of Islam, the same organisation Malcolm X had parted ways withn only a year before. It was around this time that he first attracted the attention of the FBI — after writing a letter to US President Harry Truman declaring himself a communist. Malcolm X: Activism, assassination and how he predicted his own death Malcolm X, the ever-divisive black rights activist, was killed in at a rally in New York.
For him there was no great tension between the lofty ideals of the nation—which he said were a sham—and the failure to deliver justice to blacks. He, perhaps better than King, understood the inner workings of empire. He had no hope that those who managed empire would ever get in touch with their better selves to build a country free of exploitation and injustice. But now it has become more cowardly, like the vulture, and it can only suck the blood of the helpless. As the nations of the world free themselves, then capitalism has less victims, less to suck, and it becomes weaker and weaker. And 50 years after Malcolm X was assassinated in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem by hit men from the Nation of Islam, it is clear that he, not King, was right.