Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone by Immanuel KantA Monumental Figure of Western Thought Wrestles with the Question of God: Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. His contributions have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him. His teachings on religion were unorthodox in that they were based on rationality rather than revelation. Tho logically proving Gods existence might be impossible, its morally reasonable to act as if there be a God. His strictly rational approach was considered so scandalous that the King of Prussia forbid him to teach or write further on religious subjects, which Kant obeyed until the kings death. A work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought, Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone represents a great philosophers attempt to spell out the form & content of a type of religion grounded in moral reason & meeting the needs of an ethical life.
Faith and Reason
In St. Here St. Paul sums up several passages of Old Testament wisdom literature Wisdom , Psalm , Sirach The wisdom literature affirmed that the existence of God can be known not only by the divine revelation to the chosen people, but also by human reason contemplating the world of nature all around us. When this teaching was received by the Church, the early Christians observed that indeed there is a general consensus of the nations to the existence of some supreme Deity, and that some of the philosophers had offered arguments for the existence of God.
Whether or not God can be known through reason alone is one of the key issues OCR wants you to be able to explore in an essay. These are some quotations from key scholars, the bible, and the Catechism that it would be very useful to refer to in an exam. A Complete Online Course for A level students, with both content and training in A grade writing skills. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
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To know OF is different than to know about. To know about is different than to know intimately.
Traditionally, faith and reason have each been considered to be sources of justification for religious belief. Because both can purportedly serve this same epistemic function, it has been a matter of much interest to philosophers and theologians how the two are related and thus how the rational agent should treat claims derived from either source. Some have held that there can be no conflict between the two—that reason properly employed and faith properly understood will never produce contradictory or competing claims—whereas others have maintained that faith and reason can or even must be in genuine contention over certain propositions or methodologies. Those who have taken the latter view disagree as to whether faith or reason ought to prevail when the two are in conflict. Other thinkers have theorized that faith and reason each govern their own separate domains, such that cases of apparent conflict are resolved on the side of faith when the claim in question is, say, a religious or theological claim, but resolved on the side of reason when the disputed claim is, for example, empirical or logical.
In addition to his moral philosophy , Thomas Aquinas is well-known for his theological writings. To this day, it is difficult to find someone whose work rivals Aquinas' in breadth and influence. Although his work is not limited to illuminating Christian doctrine, virtually all of what he wrote is shaped by his theology. Therefore it seems appropriate to consider some of the theological themes and ideas that figure prominently in his thought. The volume and depth of Aquinas' work resists easy synopsis.