Respuesta a Sor Filotea by Juana Inés de la CruzEspíritu Indómito
Only a century ago the gentler sex was encouraged to lead more simple and elegant lives free from study and occupation where they were expected to devote themselves to beauty, grace, family, and home. In seventeenth century New Spain, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz sought enlightenment through the convent, where she taught herself to read, write, and reason. Though frowned upon by the Catholic Church, which was, ironically, her artistic and intellectual refuge, with the keen observations of a skilled scientist, she dared to invoke the power of past influential women including Abigail, Esther, Rahab, Anna, Queen of Sheba, and Deborah. Sor Juana herself would later inspire the likes of Mary Wollstonecraft and Virginia Woolf. She considered women formidable alchemists who worked their magic and science in the kitchen, understanding the basics of chemistry through their cookery and sustaining countless generations through their knowledge and experience. While many of her peers in Ciudad de México, at the time, were undernourished in intellect and imagination, Sor Juana strove to feed her sisters feeble minds and weakened souls with the fruit of knowledge, enriching their lives with the savors of poetry, philosophy, and science. In her writing, La Repuesta we realize just how starved both sexes are for a fierce indomitable spirit and the fortitude that Sor Juana embodied. Heres her recipe for concocting an indomitable spirit:
1 pinch of ingratiating and feigned humility
1 bunch of all purpose Latin
1 bunch of all purpose Greek
1 fine quality library, use generously
- heaps of stimulating discussions with intellectual equals
- heavy and frequent doses of time alone to read, think, and write
6 or 7 stalks of coarsely chopped barbs to stick to your detractors
3 or 4 small lightly crushed infatuations, to steel the heart and color the mind
1/2 pound of religious piety to keep the higher ups at bay
1 (28oz) can of suffering
Snugly secure mind, heart, and soul in a caring and warm environment; leave room for growth and enlightened maturation; separate doubts from thoughts and discard the former. Shell vain preoccupations such as worries concerning the style and fashion of the day; stir together intellectualism and spirituality so they bond in symbiosis; add faith until its evaporated, bring to a boil to scald opposition; season with humor and serve immediately.
Respuesta de la poetisa a la muy Ilustre sor Filotea de la Cruz
She began her life as a nun in so that she could study at will. After taking her vows, Sor Juana read tirelessly and wrote plays and poetry, often challenging societal values and becoming an early proponent of women's rights. Sor Juana is heralded for her Respuesta a Sor Filotea , which defends women's rights to educational access, and is credited as the first published feminist of the New World. She died in Mexico in In , owing to her desire "to have no fixed occupation which might curtail my freedom to study," Sor Juana began her life as a nun. She moved in to the Convent of San Geronimo St.
De las preocupaciones de tipo femenino y de las inquietudes de criolla de Sor Juana hay ejemplos a todo lo largo de su obra Hay una estrofa significativa en la que Sor Juana destila su lucha como mujer :. Veamos una estrofa hacia el final:. Salceda eds. Rivers, Barcelona, Noguer,
La Respuesta a Sor Filotea de la Cruz fue escrita por Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz en marzo de , como contestación a todas las recriminaciones que le hizo.
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The meat is in the details, not the summative assertions. This is intended solely as a help in following and understanding this complex epistle. I want to benefit more from your goodness; you can help to shape my intellect. But your kindness does prompt me to answer, and I understand your warning to be against my secular writings. But how should I write of sacred things if I might misunderstand them? I have been overpoweringly drawn to the life of the mind from the time I could think, and I I have tried to curb the impulse, lest it be sin, without success.