A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte Notebook by Georges Pierre Seurat
Art Bros: A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (Georges Seurat)
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Georges Pierre Seurat
File:A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, Georges Seurat, 1884.png
In his best-known and largest painting, Georges Seurat depicted people relaxing in a suburban park on an island in the Seine River called La Grande Jatte. The artist worked on the painting in several campaigns, beginning in with a layer of small horizontal brushstrokes of complementary colors. He later added small dots, also in complementary colors, that appear as solid and luminous forms when seen from a distance. Seurat's use of this highly systematic and "scientific" technique, subsequently called Pointillism, distinguished his art from the more intuitive approach to painting used by the Impressionists. Although Seurat embraced the subject matter of modern life preferred by artists such as Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, he went beyond their concern for capturing the accidental and instantaneous qualities of light in nature. Seurat sought to evoke permanence by recalling the art of the past, especially Egyptian and Greek sculpture and even Italian Renaissance frescoes.
One of the greatest modern paintings of the 19th century. For an interpretation of other pictures from the 19th and 20th centuries, see: Analysis of Modern Paintings The two main artistic traditions that dominated modern art during the second half of the nineteenth century - Realist painting and Impressionism - evolved from painters' direct observation of the world around them. In contrast, Georges Seurat based his painting on the theories of Divisionism a scientific interpretation of how the eye sees colour , pioneered by Michel Eugene Chevreul, Ogden Rood and others. The two large genre paintings that made his reputation - Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte and Bathers at Asnieres - are perfect examples of his 'new' Impressionism - although calling it after Monet's style of spontaneous plein-air painting is rather misleading. Seurat worked mostly in his studio and planned his compositions with meticulous attention to detail.
It depicts people relaxing in a suburban park on an island in the Seine River called La Grande Jatte , a popular retreat for the middle and upper class of Paris in the 19th century. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte is one of those rare cases where a single artwork is able to stand out completely — its transcendence, both narratively and technically, is instinctively recognized by everyone.
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The Story Behind the Painting
But a closer look at the Neo-Impressionist's most famous work reveals much more. Forging the new style with this first-of-its-kind painting , Seurat became the father of Pointillism and of Neo-Impressionism. However, he preferred to call his technique " chromo-luminarism ," a term he felt better stressed its focus on color and light. This complicated masterpiece of Pointillism began in with a series of almost 60 sketches Seurat made while people watching at the Paris park. Next he started painting, using small horizontal brush strokes.