Poetics Quotes by Aristotle
Aristotle's Ideas about Tragedy - structure of Tragedy - In Hindi and English
He determines that tragedy, like all poetry, is a kind of imitation mimesis , but adds that it has a serious purpose and uses direct action rather than narrative to achieve its ends. The aim of tragedy, Aristotle writes, is to bring about a "catharsis" of the spectators — to arouse in them sensations of pity and fear, and to purge them of these emotions so that they leave the theater feeling cleansed and uplifted, with a heightened understanding of the ways of gods and men. This catharsis is brought about by witnessing some disastrous and moving change in the fortunes of the drama's protagonist Aristotle recognized that the change might not be disastrous, but felt this was the kind shown in the best tragedies — Oedipus at Colonus, for example, was considered a tragedy by the Greeks but does not have an unhappy ending.
6 Elements of Tragedy
The genre of tragedy is quite well theorized unlike many other genre. Generally, it incorporates powerful episodes of suffering, losse s etc. In literature, a tragedy is a drama that shows the protagonist involved in a significant event and meeting his spectacular downfall. It is dotted with ideas of fate, sacrifice, destiny, and duty. The defeat also urges the hero to search for answers regarding the relationship between human beings and the Creator.
Literary Theory and Criticism. He asserts that any tragedy can be divided into six constituent parts. The Plot is the most important part of a tragedy. Normally the plot is divided into five acts, and each Act is further divided into several scenes. Characters are men and women who act.
The Definition of Tragedy This chapter opens with Aristotle's famous definition of tragedy: Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. The first in the discussion is spectacle , which includes the costuming of the actors, the scenery, and all other aspects that contribute to the visual experience of the play. Next come song and diction. Song obviously refers to the vocal compositions incorporated into the performance, and diction refers to the metrical composition of the spoken lines. Aristotle moves on to elements relating to the humans represented in tragedy, thought and character. Character includes all qualities we associate with individuals represented in the play; the meaning of thought is more elusive, but it seems to indicate the processes of reasoning that lead characters to behave as they do.