Gandhi On Non-Violence by Mahatma GandhiIn this book, Merton has selected the basic statements of principle and interpretation which make up Gandhis philosophy of non-violence (AHIMSA) and non-violent action (SATYAGRAHA). The Gandhi text follows that established by the Navaijivan Trust with sections dealing with Principles of non-violence, Non-violence, true and false, Spiritual dimensions of non-violence. The political scope of non-violence, and The purity of non-violence.
Non-Violence in Today's World - Lord Bhikhu Parekh, Sister Jayanti, Emily Buchanan
In the early morning of March 12, , Gandhi and a trained cadre of 78 followers from his ashram began a march of more than miles to the sea. Three and a half weeks later, on April 5, surrounded by a crowd of thousands, Gandhi waded into the edge of the ocean, approached an area on the mud flats where evaporating water left a thick layer of sediment, and scooped up a handful of salt. His disobedience set off a mass campaign of non-compliance that swept the country, leading to as many as , arrests. And yet, judging by what Gandhi gained at the bargaining table at the conclusion of the campaign, one can form a very different view of the salt satyagraha. That the Salt March might at once be considered a pivotal advance for the cause of Indian independence and a botched campaign that produced little tangible result seems to be a puzzling paradox. But even stranger is the fact that such a result is not unique in the world of social movements.
After Partition in , he continued to work toward peace between Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi was shot to death in Delhi in January by a Hindu fundamentalist. His father was the dewan chief minister of Porbandar; his deeply religious mother was a devoted practitioner of Vaishnavism worship of the Hindu god Vishnu , influenced by Jainism, an ascetic religion governed by tenets of self-discipline and nonviolence. Upon returning to India in mid, he set up a law practice in Bombay, but met with little success. He soon accepted a position with an Indian firm that sent him to its office in South Africa.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Non-violence doesn't just mean not doing violence; it's also a way of taking positive action to resist oppression or bring about change. The essence of non-violent technique is that it seeks to liquidate antagonisms but not the antagonists. The aim of non-violent conflict is to convert your opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right. An important element is often to make sure that the opponent is given a face-saving way of changing their mind. Non-violent protest seeks a 'win-win' solution whenever possible.
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Mohandas K. Gandhi, often referred to as Mahatma, the Great Soul, was born into a Hindu merchant family in He was heavily influenced by the Hinduism and Jainism of his devoutly religious mother. She impressed on him beliefs in non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for purification, and respect for all religions. In , Gandhi sailed to England and studied to become a lawyer. His first job for an Indian company required that he move to South Africa. The ruling white Boers descendants of Dutch settlers discriminated against all people of color.